KesehatanTekno

Tren Vape, Mau Berhenti Merokok Tapi Tetap Kena Kanker

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(LEI) – Kemunculan rokok elektrik (vape) di pasaran tampak seperti pencerahan bagi para perokok yang tengah berjuang mati-matian untuk berhenti merokok, dan mungkin juga para perokok sosial yang sekadar penasaran menjajal tren terbaru.

Bisa dikatakan bahwa rokok elektrik memberikan semua kenikmatan merokok tembakau dengan hampir nol risiko kesehatan, karena sejatinya Anda hanya menghirup uap air dan sedikit jejak nikotin.

Meski kini penggunaan rokok elektrik semakin naik daun, tidak semua orang yakin benar bahwa vaping harus direkomendasikan sebagai alternatif dari merokok tembakau. Sejumlah studi mencurigai bahwa rokok elektronik mungkin mengandung zat-zat berbahaya yang berdampak merugikan pada paru-paru penggunanya. Berikut penjelasan lebih lanjutnya.

Para periset dari Universitas New York mengungkapkan, uap vape ternyata dapat merusak DNA, meningkatkan risiko kanker, serta memicu penyakit jantung.

Lewat uji laboratorium, studi terbaru menemukan, tikus yang terpapar uap vape mengalami tingkat kerusakan DNA yang lebih tinggi di jantung, paru-paru dan kandung kemih.

Para peneliti kini berencana melakukan eksperimen jangka panjang untuk melihat perkembangan tumor pada tikus yang terpapar asap vape.

“Hasilnya mungkin membutuhkan waktu bertahun-tahun untuk eksperimen karena kanker memiliki proses yang lambat,” ungkap Tang dikutip dari The Guardian, Senin (29/01/2018).

Sebelumnya, Tang membuat tikus-tikus tersebut terpapar asap rokok elektrik selama 3 jam dalam sehari, selama 5 hari dalam seminggu. Hal tersebut dia lakukan selama 3 bulan.

Jumlah nikotin dalam asap vape tersebu adalah 10 miligram per mililiter atau setara dengan konsentrasi asap rokok elektrik yang dihirup manusia.

Setelah 3 bulan berlalu, Tang menemukan bahwa ada kerusakan DNA di dalam jangtung, paru-paru, dan kandung kemih tikus yang terkena asap rokok tersebut. Hal ini tidak terlihat pada tikus kelompok kontrol yang tak terpapar asap vape.

Selain itu, mekanisme perbaikan DNA alami tikus-tikus kelompok pertama juga terus menurun.

Selanjutnya, Tang melihat sel paru-paru dan kandung kemih manusia. Penelitian yang dipublikasikan dalam jurnal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences tersebut menemukan bahwa sel yang dipapar nikotin dengan mudah akan berubah menjadi jaringan tumor.

Selain itu, sistem DNA yang melindungi terhadap serangan kanker juga terganggu.

“Kami menemukan uap vape bersifat karsinogenik dan penggunanya memiliki risiko lebih tinggi daripada non-pengguna,” kata pemimpin peneliti tim Moon-shong Tang.

Karsinogen adalah zat-zat yang menyebabkan kanker dengan mengubah asam deoksiribonukleat dalam sel-sel tubuh. Hal ini mengganggu proses-proses biologis. Karsinogenik juga terkenal dengan sifat mengendap dan merusak terutama pada organ paru-paru, karena zat-zat yang terdapat pada rokok.

Saat menguji paparan nikotin dan turunannya pada sel-sel paru dan kandung kemih manusia—juga ditemukan persoalan serupa. Sel-sel cenderung bermutasi atau mengalami perubahan, hingga menjadi pemicu tumor.

Uap vape seringkali dianggap tidak berisiko, karena disebut hanya mengandung sedikit nikotin dan beberapa pelarut organik yang relatif tidak berbahaya.

Dan, penelitian lain juga menunjukkan pengguna vape memiliki 97 persen lebih sedikit karsinogen pada paru-paru, daripada perokok tembakau. Namun tetap, tingkat tersebut masih jauh lebih tinggi pada pengguna vape, daripada mereka yang tidak merokok.

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17 Komentar

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